Knee-related injuries and medical conditions are few the common reasons for which the people consult their doctors today. Some may regard knee pain as a small problem, but it can cause serious discomfort and acute disability, according to the severity of the damage. Many knee injuries occur because of chronic overuse, alignment problems, active sports, absence of warm up and stretching prior to working out or even daily household tasks that need higher physical effort. Other knee-related problems can also occur due to trauma, like a car accident, a fall or a direct impact on your knee, and due to medical conditions like arthritis, gout or chondromalacia.
Arthritis and gout are more common, but chondromalacia is still unknown. Chondromalacia is a knee-joint problem that requires serious attention and proper treatment.
Chondromalacia of the patella, or patellofemoral pain, is a term for pain experienced between the patella (kneecap) and the lower thighbone (femur). The softening of the cartilage below the kneecap leads to little areas of breakdown and pain near the knee. Rather than moving smoothly over the knee, the patella rubs against the thighbone, whenever the knee moves. These changes range from mild to complete destruction of the cartilage.
This condition is normally common among young women, especially those suffering from a little misalignment in the kneecap. Teenage girls are normally at high risk as the knee cartilage is exposed to plenty and uneven pressure exerted by the physiological changes accompanying the growth spurts of puberty. Adults over 40 can have this condition due to the wear-and-tear process, likely causing arthritis of the kneecap or osteoarthrities of the knee joint. Chondromalacia can also occur due to accidents and trauma, or high pressures on the knee-joint, common amongst the athletes.
Pain and swelling resulting from chondromalacia of the patella are experienced in the front or within the knee. The kneepain worsens if seated for long time like arising from a chair and while climbing stairs. A grating or grinding sensation may be experienced whenever the knee is extended or straightened.
Many times, traditional treatments for chondromalacia are exercise programs that strengthen the muscles near the knee and restore the original alignment of the knee cap. These exercises must be authorized by a physical therapist to selectively strengthen the thigh muscles (the quads) and restore the knee cap.
Many patients generally improve just with traditional treatment and without requiring any other therapy. Only in a few instances where kneepain persists or deteriorates, knee joint surgery is needed. Though it may be difficult to prevent chondromalacia, few steps could be taken to lower the risk of trauma and injuries, and undue stress on the knee. Rehabilitation programs concentrating on flexibility and strength training of the muscles controlling your kneecaps can vastly aid in the prevention of its occurrence in many instances. Non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and other arthritis pain relief medications can be prescribed to ease suffering from pain and inflammation.